Economics emphasizes the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit approaches for the optimum allocation of health sources.

The big scope of potential world public well being threats is recognized within the revised Worldwide Health Regulations (IHR 2005) 3 with its all-hazards method to assessing serious public health threats. These regulations are designed to prevent the international spread of ailments, while minimizing interruption of world travel and commerce. They encourage nations to work together to share information about known illnesses and public health events of international concern.

In an article by Snyder et al. (2011), countries who continue to simply accept patients from different lands for costly companies run the chance of either pricing out poorer residents, or creating a second tier of medical care in those nations. The article continues to elaborate that medical tourism might shift providers from preventive public health measures, to much less effective and more expensive private clinics.

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